中国译协《中国翻译》编辑部与对外经济贸易大学联合举办第二十三届韩素音青年翻译奖竞赛

发布时间:2011-02-23浏览次数:1194

随着全球化进程的加速,中外交流日趋频繁。翻译,作为沟通中外交流的桥梁,正在我国社会生活的各领域发挥越来越重要的作用。值此之际,中国译协《中国翻译》编辑部与对外经济贸易大学英语学院联合举办第二十三届韩素音青年翻译奖竞赛。参赛原文见本期,具体参赛规则如下:

一、本届竞赛分别设立英译汉和汉译英两个奖项,参赛者可任选一项或同时参加两项竞赛。

二、《中国翻译》2011年第1期以及中国翻译协会网站(www.tac-online.org.cn)刊登竞赛规则、竞赛原文;请点击此处下载参赛报名表。

三、参赛者年龄:45岁以下(196611后出生)

四、参赛译文须独立完成,杜绝抄袭现象,一经发现,将取消参赛资格。请参赛者在大赛截稿之日前妥善保存参赛译文的著作权,请勿在书报刊、网络等任何媒体公布自己的参赛译文,否则将被取消参赛资格并承担由此造成的一切后果。

五、参赛译文和参赛报名表格式要求:参赛译文应为WORD电子文档,中文宋体、英文Times New Roman字体,全文小四号字,1.5倍行距,文档命名格式为“XXX(姓名)英译汉”或“XXX(姓名)汉译英”。参赛报名表文档命名格式为“XXX(姓名)英译汉参赛报名表”或“XXX(姓名)汉译英参赛报名表”。译文正文内请勿书写译者姓名、地址等任何个人信息,否则将被视为无效译文。每项参赛译文一稿有效,恕不接收修改稿。

六、参赛方式及截稿日期:请参赛者于2011531(含)前将参赛译文及参赛报名表以电子文档附件形式发送至hansuyin2011@gmail.com,发送成功的文档得到自动回复后,请勿重复发送。如需查询是否发送成功,可在610之后拨打电话(01068327209。本届竞赛不再接收打印稿。

七、参赛者在提交参赛译文后,交寄报名费50元,如同时参加两项竞赛,请交报名费 100元。

汇款地址:北京市阜外百万庄大街24号《中国翻译》编辑部,邮编:100037。请在汇款单附言上注明“XXX(姓名)参赛报名费”字样。未交报名费的参赛译文无效。

八、本届竞赛设一、二、三等奖和优秀奖若干名,一、二、三等奖获得者将被授予奖金、证书和纪念品,优秀奖获得者将被授予证书和纪念品。2011年第6(1115出版)《中国翻译》杂志将公布竞赛结果。

九、将于2011年秋在北京举行本届竞赛颁奖典礼,竞赛获奖者将获邀参加颁奖典礼。

十、竞赛联系地址:北京市阜外百万庄大街24号《中国翻译》编辑部  邮编:100037,电话:(010) 6832720968995956   传真:(010)68995951 电子信箱:hansuyin2011@gmail.com  

第二十三届韩素音青年翻译奖竞赛评审委员会

20111

 

 

英译汉竞赛原文:

 

Are We There Yet?

 

America’s recovery will be much slower than that from most recessions; but the government can help a bit.

 

 “WHITHER goest thou, America?” That question, posed by Jack Kerouac on behalf of the Beat generation half a century ago, is the biggest uncertainty hanging over the world economy. And it reflects the foremost worry for American voters, who go to the polls for the congressional mid-term elections on November 2nd with the country’s unemployment rate stubbornly stuck at nearly one in ten. They should prepare themselves for a long, hard ride.

 

The most wrenching recession since the 1930s ended a year ago. But the recovery―none too powerful to begin with―slowed sharply earlier this year. GDP grew by a feeble 1.6% at an annual pace in the second quarter, and seems to have been stuck somewhere similar since. The housing market slumped after temporary tax incentives to buy a home expired. So few private jobs were being created that unemployment looked more likely to rise than fall. Fears grew over the summer that if this deceleration continued, America’s economy would slip back into recession.

 

Fortunately, those worries now seem exaggerated. Part of the weakness of second-quarter GDP was probably because of a temporary surge in imports from China. The latest statistics, from reasonably good retail sales in August to falling claims for unemployment benefits, point to an economy that, though still weak, is not slumping further. And history suggests that although nascent recoveries often wobble for a quarter or two, they rarely relapse into recession. For now, it is most likely that America’s economy will crawl along with growth at perhaps 2.5%: above stall speed, but far too slow to make much difference to the jobless rate.

 

Why, given that America usually rebounds from recession, are the prospects so bleak? That’s because most past recessions have been caused by tight monetary policy. When policy is loosened, demand rebounds. This recession was the result of a financial crisis. Recoveries after financial crises are normally weak and slow as banking systems are repaired and balance-sheets rebuilt. Typically, this period of debt reduction lasts around seven years, which means America would emerge from it in 2014. By some measures, households are reducing their debt burdens unusually fast, but even optimistic seers do not think the process is much more than half over.

 

Battling on the bus

 

America’s biggest problem is that its politicians have yet to acknowledge that the economy is in for such a long, slow haul, let alone prepare for the consequences. A few brave officials are beginning to sound warnings that the jobless rate is likely to “stay high”. But the political debate is more about assigning blame for the recession than about suggesting imaginative ways to give more oomph to the recovery.

 

Republicans argue that Barack Obama’s shift towards “big government” explains the economy’s weakness, and that high unemployment is proof that fiscal stimulus was a bad idea. In fact, most of the growth in government to date has been temporary and unavoidable; the longer-run growth in government is more modest, and reflects the policies of both Mr Obama and his predecessor. And the notion that high joblessness “proves” that stimulus failed is simply wrong. The mechanics of a financial bust suggest that without a fiscal boost the recession would have been much worse.

 

Democrats have their own class-warfare version of the blame game, in which Wall Street’s excesses caused the problem and higher taxes on high-earners are part of the solution. That is why Mr. Obama’s legislative priority before the mid-terms is to ensure that the Bush tax cuts expire at the end of this year for households earning more than $250,000 but are extended for everyone else.

 

This takes an unnecessary risk with the short-term recovery. America’s experience in 1937 and Japan’s in 1997 are powerful evidence that ill-timed tax rises can tip weak economies back into recession. Higher taxes at the top, along with the waning of fiscal stimulus and belt-tightening by the states, will make a weak growth rate weaker still. Less noticed is that Mr. Obama’s fiscal plan will also worsen the medium-term budget mess, by making tax cuts for the middle class permanent.

 

 

Ways to overhaul the engine

 

In an ideal world America would commit itself now to the medium-term tax reforms and spending cuts needed to get a grip on the budget, while leaving room to keep fiscal policy loose for the moment. But in febrile, partisan Washington that is a pipe-dream. Today’s goals can only be more modest: to nurture the weak economy, minimize uncertainty and prepare the ground for tomorrow’s fiscal debate. To that end, Congress ought to extend all the Bush tax cuts until 2013. Then they should all expire―prompting a serious fiscal overhaul, at a time when the economy is stronger.

 

A broader set of policies could help to work off the hangover faster. One priority is to encourage more write-downs of mortgage debt. Almost a quarter of all Americans with mortgages owe more than their houses are worth. Until that changes the vicious cycle of rising foreclosures and falling prices will continue. There are plenty of ideas on offer, from changing the bankruptcy law so that judges can restructure mortgage debt to empowering special trustees to write down loans. They all have drawbacks, but a fetid pool of underwater mortgages will, much like Japan’s loans to zombie firms, corrode the financial system and harm the recovery.

 

Cleaning up the housing market would help cut America’s unemployment rate, by making it easier for people to move to where jobs are. But more must be done to stop high joblessness becoming entrenched. Payroll-tax cuts and credits to reduce the cost of hiring would help. (The health-care reform, alas, does the opposite, at least for small businesses.) Politicians will also have to think harder about training schemes, because some workers lack the skills that new jobs require.

 

Americans are used to great distances. The sooner they, and their politicians, accept that the road to recovery will be a long one, the faster they will get there.

 

 

 

汉译英竞赛原文:

摩天大楼指数――如影随形的经济危机

 

作为一种以巨大的经济力量为支撑的建筑物,摩天大楼常被民众和政客视为展示经济繁荣、社会进步的标志。有些经济学家则持完全相反的看法,认为摩天大楼的出现,特别是摩天大楼的纪录被刷新,往往预示着经济即将衰退。

高楼建成之日,即是市场衰退之时,这是德意志银行的证券分析师安德鲁?劳伦斯于1999年发表的判言。2006215,雷曼兄弟公司在北京召开全球经济会议,其全球首席经济学家卢埃林向我国客户提及摩天大楼指数的预言:如果全球有发生经济危机的可能性,那很可能会在2007年或2008年。
雷曼的首席经济学家预见了2007年到2008年的经济危机,但却不曾想到,雷曼的百年基业正是在这场危机中化为泡影。对于经济而言,摩天大楼是荣耀还是诅咒?其与经济危机之间是否真的存在这样密切的联系呢?

1999年,安德鲁?劳伦斯经过研究验证了摩天大楼与经济危机的关联,并将这种关联称为摩天大楼指数。每一幢刷新世界纪录的摩天大楼的崛起,往往都伴随着经济的衰退。自20世纪初以来,全球共出现了四轮摩天大楼热,而每一次,都伴随着经济危机或金融动荡。

20世纪20年代,美国经济转好,证券市场再度空前繁荣,民用、商用房产建设高歌猛进。这期间,三座刷新纪录的摩天大楼先后兴建。纽约的华尔街40号、克莱斯勒大厦和帝国大厦相继于1929年至1931年的三年中落成,但随之而来的不是新的繁荣,而是空前的大萧条。在经历了被美国人称之为黄金时代20世纪60年代强劲、持续的经济繁荣后,纽约的世贸中心和芝加哥的西尔斯大厦开始兴建。1972年和1974年,两座再次刷新世界纪录的摩天大楼相继落成,随后,全球经济发生了严重滞胀。

摩天大楼与经济危机的关联如此密切,很难用巧合来理解,那么究竟是什么原因让经济危机总是与摩天大楼如影随形呢?

首先,人性使然。人性当中有盲目自信的一面。具体体现在对客观事物认识不足,偏执于对事物的主观看法上。劳伦斯把他发现的经济危机与摩天大楼的联系称为百年病态关联,但此类现象,在人类社会中又何止只存在了百年。以史为鉴,我们不难发现,在我国历史的长河中,此类现象早有体现。商朝兴盛时,纣王兴建造鹿台,引得民怨四起最终于鹿台自焚;清代鼎盛时,乾隆帝大举修建园林,导致国力衰落最终丧权辱国。

其次,利益推动。在商业行为中,逐利是前提条件。在经济繁荣之前,通常有一个低利率的过程,这也是经济向繁荣周期转化的一个先决条件。而在经济繁荣的过程中,利率相对于人们对于未来收益的预期来说,一直都是低的。所以,就会产生一系列的利益传导途径,也就是前面所提到的利益链条。经济的繁荣和相对较低的利率,对土地价值和资本成本有着直接的影响。在土地价格、企业需求和资金支撑三个因素所构成的利益链的作用下,可以刷新世界纪录的摩天大楼计划,就应运而生了。

就像日有昼夜、季有冬夏一样,经济也是存在景气周期的。任何商品的价格,都会受到供需关系的影响。否极泰来,盛极而衰,低廉的利率、膨胀的需求、上涨的资本价格,以及大多数人盲目乐观的心态,所集合产生的黄金状态构成了摩天大楼的需求,但这种状态是不可持续的。

所以,通常是在经济已经步入衰退的时候,摩天大楼才刚刚竣工;在它真正投入使用的时候,经济很可能已经深陷困境。这就导致了经济危机总是与摩天大楼的兴建如影随形,也常使全球第一建筑成为逝去繁荣的纪念碑。

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